Before 2021-04-20, LanguageTool only knew
PRP (like ‘I’, ‘me’, ‘myself’) and
PRP$ (like ‘my’ and ‘mine’). Now, you can distinguish more precisely and synthesize one form from another (e.g. ‘I’ from ‘myself’).
This change has one immediate impact: If you want to negate the postag
PRP, you’ll now have to negate
PRP(_.*)?. If you want to negate the postag
PRP\$, you’ll now have to negate
<token postag="PRP"><exception postag="PRP" negate_pos="yes"/></token>
<token postag="PRP"><exception postag="PRP(_.*)?" postag_regexp="yes" negate_pos="yes"/>
Also: If you want to write an
PRP\$), you might have to use
PRP\$(_.*)?) for the exception to work.
If you use the new postags to convert, e.g. an object pronoun to a possessive pronoun, there is a conflict with the interpretation of the
$ no matter if you escape it or not.
These two ways of writing it will make the test fail:
<match no="3" postag="PRP_O(.*)" postag_replace="PRP$_P$1" postag_regexp="yes"/>
<match no="3" postag="PRP_O(.*)" postag_replace="PRP\$_P$1" postag_regexp="yes"/>
This is how you make it work:
<match no="3" postag="PRP_O(.*)" postag_replace="PRP._P$1" postag_regexp="yes"/>
→ use a
. instead of the contentious
$ sign. It’s unambiguous in that position anyway.
Rule of thumb: Inexplicable build fails can go away if you replace
The last 2 or 3 characters in these tags refer to person , number [SP], and, if applicable, gender [MFN].
E.g., ‘her’ is an object pronoun (
PRP_O.*) and the last 3 characters are
3SF, so the complete tag is
I I PRP_S1S you you PRP_S2S you you PRP_S2P he he PRP_S3SM she she PRP_S3SF it it PRP_S3SN we we PRP_S1P they they PRP_S3P they they PRP_S3S
me I PRP_O1S you you PRP_O2S him he PRP_O3SM her she PRP_O3SF it it PRP_O3SN them they PRP_O3S us we PRP_O1P you you PRP_O2P them they PRP_O3P
myself I PRP_R1S yourself you PRP_R2S himself he PRP_R3SM herself she PRP_R3SF itself it PRP_R3SN themself they PRP_R3S ourselves we PRP_R1P yourselves you PRP_R2P themselves they PRP_R3P
There is a new level of distinction for
PRP$ as well. We distinguish “adjective-like” possessives (e.g. ‘my’) and proper “possessive pronouns” (e.g. ‘mine’).
my I PRP$_A1S your you PRP$_A2S his he PRP$_A3SM her she PRP$_A3SF its it PRP$_A3SN their they PRP$_A3S our we PRP$_A1P your you PRP$_A2P their they PRP$_A3P
mine I PRP$_P1S yours you PRP$_P2S his he PRP$_P3SM hers she PRP$_P3SF theirs they PRP$_P3S ours we PRP$_P1P yours you PRP$_P2P theirs they PRP$_P3P